These wars were a series of battles that took place between the Indians and the Americans. Once again we see manifest destiny in the early U.S. Their greed for more land extinguished the tribes of innocent indians. Long story short, the U.S. wanted more territory, so they forced the indians to leave. Many tribes went completely extinct, but some fought back. The two tribes that fought back where the Apache and the Lakota. The most famous of the Apache chiefs was Geronimo. He was a great leader, and he managed to protect his tribe for quite a while, before getting captured. He was held captive until 1909 when he died in captivity. The next chief we will talk about was chief Joseph. Joseph’s father was chief before him and he lead the Nez Perce tribe. He fought many battles and was remembered for his attempted tactical retreat to Canada, but just 40 miles from Newfoundland, the Nez Perce were captured, and forced to surrender. Chief Joseph died in 1904. Today’s battle will be the battle of little big horn, otherwise known as Custer’s last stand. This was a great battle between the Lakota Indians, and the cavalry of George Armstrong Custer. The Indians brought their a-game with this battle and only 62 men were lost on their side, while the American calvalry lost 273 men including Custer and a few of his brothers. This was a major Indian victory, as they didn’t win very often. The Lakota were the first to win a battle in the war in the west. That will be all for today, class, next week we’ll continue are study of the war between the Indians and the U.S.